The UGA Pecan Team provides timely information relevant to pecan production in Georgia for use by county extension agents and pecan producers. Cutting back pecan trees at just the right times and in just the right ways makes for a strong, healthy tree that should provide you with harvests for years to come. Keep reading to learn how and when to prune pecan trees. Your email address will not be published. Pecan trees flourish with annual pruning that should begin as soon as the tree is planted. This type of pecan tree is native to Mississippi, Florida and Georgia. If you don’t cut any lower limbs off now you will be doing it later with a chain saw when they are bearing nuts, which makes it harder to do. During the first growing season, let the new shoots reach 4 to 6 inches, then choose one to be the leader. Pecan trees are wonderful to have around. Don’t tip the ends of scaffold limbs or branches in the winter. But theres more to growing a pecan tree than just letting nature take its course. Pawnee is in fact probably the most difficult variety to prune or at least the one that requires the most work. Only dead, diseased or broken limbs are removed on a regular basis. Using clean, sharp pruning shears, remove the one-third to one-half of the tree. In fact, pecan hedge-pruning is listed as a major research priority identified by the Georgia Pecan Growers Association. Pruning young pecan trees is a necessity and, if done properly, can save farmers the hassle of pruning older, much larger trees, according to University of Georgia Cooperative Extension pecan specialist … by jlbworks | Jul 13, 2016 | News | 0 comments. Usually if you are diligent about pruning in the first 3 years there is very little to be done after that. This should be performed during the dormant season of growth, which is generally between middle December and early spring. This keeps the tree from putting too much energy into new growth that’s just going to be cut away. Don’t be afraid of pruning too hard. Cutting back pecan trees in the first five years of their lives can be a huge benefit when they reach maturity. You want the scaffold limbs to be at about 60-80 degree angles, ideally. Liver spots are more common in pecan trees in regions with higher temperatures (above 75°F, or 24°C), low rainfall, and reduced soil moisture. The goal, no matter what size tree you plant, is to bring the above ground portion of that tree back to a size that the limited root system can support. Cut back all the other shoots. As the tree grows, cut away any branches that have a tighter angle than 45 degrees – they’ll grow too weak. 770-316-3434 Budding Pecans. There are unknown ramifications of hedge-pruning that must be addressed. Pruning stimulated little or no effect on trunk … Narrow angles less than 60 degrees should be eliminated because they are likely to break out or split. Year 3: Leave one or more scaffold limbs going up the tree beginning at about 6 feet, spaced at roughly 12″-18″ apart. Pecan trees are normally pruned during the dormant season because it is easier to see what needs to be pruned and easier to access and make the cut. Its ok if they’re 10″ apart or 24″ apart. Summer pruning will slow the tree's growth. Year 4 and beyond: Keep to the same pattern as Year 3. Newly planted trees in Georgia need 1 gallon of water per day for the first year. Pecan trees will grow without pruning the roots at planting but Dr. Smith’s work showed that when you prune the … Cutting back pecan trees … The rule of removing about 1/3 of the tree at planting is thrown around a lot but that’s not set in stone. Trees that are 2- to 3-years old need 1 gallon of water per day per year of age. When the tree is dormant, corrective pruning consists of removing broken, interfering, dead, or disease … Tree cut back after planting. The wood should not freeze, but it should remain dormant. Crows foot requiring pruning                           Limb breakage at un-pruned crows foot, Narrow limb angle                             Tree split by wind at narrow limb angle, which should have been pruned years before. Pruning is much more difficult on some varieties than others based on their branching structure. Never let two branches rub together, and always allow enough space for air and sunlight to get through – this cuts down on the spread of disease. The short answer is: yes. Pecan buds may swell when stored at 35 degrees for a prolonged period of time. There is little more rewarding than harvesting nuts from your own yard. After 3 years, very little pruning is necessary, since trees form a natural, vase-shaped canopy. 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