This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Guatemala has a tropical climate, but the temperatures and rainfall can vary greatly within different regions. Among the reptiles of note are numerous snake species, crocodiles, and iguanas. Nov. 11, 2020 02:24PM EST Climate. The climate of Guatemala is tropical and sub-tropical, but varies greatly in relation to altitude. Environmental issues are critical in Guatemala because of the country’s vast natural resources. Weather in Guatemala varies significantly by altitude and climate zone. From the mid-20th century, however, there has been a surge of conversions to Evangelical Protestantism (which offers strong encouragement of self-improvement), particularly among the poor. Some of our advertising partners also collect data and use cookies to publish personalized ads. Guatemala: Climate & Weather. Guatemala - Climate. In the coastal area of the Pacific Ocean and in the Petén plains the climate is tropical. Brilliantly costumed Indian women Climate data and weather averages in Guatemala City. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Guatemala is considered one of the 10 nations which is most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Many of these refugees returned home with the help of a United Nations refugee commission, which functioned until 2004; however, the number of Guatemalans emigrating continued to rise into the 21st century. During the civil war, many refugees fled to sparsely populated areas in the Petén region to the north. Climate Located within the tropics and with elevations ranging between sea level and more than 13,000 feet (4,000 metres), Guatemala experiences a diversity of climates. The sierras are forested with oak and pine. Hurricane Mitch, one of the deadliest tropical cyclones ever in the Atlantic Ocean, which brutally struck nearby Honduras and Nicaragua in October 1998, also caused extensive damage in Guatemala, displacing nearly 100,000 people. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. The Project on Capacity building for Stage II adaptation to climate change (Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) is funded through the GEF Trust Fund and is implemented by UNDP. In these areas, the annual average rainfall is around 1,300 mm. Forests mitigate climate change, but Guatemala has lost half its woodlands in the past 40 years – and deforestation rates are rising, in turn causing floods, landslides and erosion of farmland. | Contact: EU laws require that we request your consent to the use of cookies. Severe tropical storms, especially during the months of September and October, often deluge the country with damaging floods. Average Weather in Guatemala City Guatemala. Forest products are derived primarily from the tropical forests of the Petén and the coniferous forests of the highlands. On the mountains at over 2,000 meters the temperatures drop considerably with average temperatures between 5 ° C and 14 ° C and strong temperature variations between day and night. For a small country, it has many climate zones, and well as two "seasons," the dry season (November - May) and the rainy season. Frost and snow are unknown, and flowers bloom year round. Quetzaltenango, the country’s fourth most populous city and the most important city of the western highlands, is the nucleus of a large K’iche’-speaking Mayan population. In fact, in the areas of the plateau, between 800 and 1,600 meters high, where the largest inhabited centers of the country are located, the climate is temperate throughout the year. Because the country is in Central America, most people assume its climate is universally tropical; however, despite Guatemala's tropical location, the country's mountains alter the weather… using Weatherbase's weather averages and normals. Climate and important cities in Guatemala, Guatemala incl. Thousands of the rural poor in search of a livelihood migrate seasonally to the Pacific coastal plain to harvest crops or to the major urban centres. A line of cities follows along at the juncture between the upper Pacific coastal plain and the line of volcanoes. Above 9,000 feet, temperatures are marginal for crops, but the grazing of animals is possible. German. Increasingly, peasants who have long produced grains and beans and tended sheep are turning to the production of nontraditional commodities—fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants—destined for export and for rapidly growing urban markets within the country. The largest of these cities are Retalhuleu, Mazatenango, and Escuintla. This post is also available in: Guatemala - Climate. Guatemala is located in Central America and washed by the Pacific Ocean from the west and Honduran Bay of the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean) from east. The attractions of Germany: what to see in Germany. Guatemala is one of the ten countries most affected by climate change worldwide. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. The largest Maya groups are the Mam, who reside in the western regions of Guatemala; the K’iche’, who occupy areas to the north and west of Lake Atitlán; the Kaqchikel, who extend from the eastern shores of Lake Atitlán to Guatemala City; and the Q’eqchi’, who are concentrated in the sierras to the north and west of Lake Izabal. Guatemala is a less-developed country largely dependent upon traditional commercial crops such as coffee, sugar, and bananas as the basis of its market economy. temperatures, humidity, hours of sunshine Following the end of the civil war in 1996, many small farmers returning to Guatemala discovered that organic products such as coffee, cacao (the source of cocoa beans), and spices command higher prices as export items than traditional agricultural products. There are much smaller numbers of Spanish-speaking Xinca in southern Guatemala and Garífuna (people of mixed African and Caribbean descent; formerly called Black Caribs) in the northeastern port towns of Livingston and Puerto Barrios. Antigua Guatemala climate summary The Antigua Guatemala lies on 1549m above sea level Antigua Guatemala's climate is classified as warm and temperate. Guatemala is located in Central America and washed by the Pacific Ocean from the west and Honduran Bay of the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean) from east. Guatemala Surrounded by two oceans and prone to earthquakes, droughts, hurricanes, landslides, and floods, Guatemala is one of the top ten countries most affected by weather extremes (Global … In Guatemala, climate change poses challenges to long-term development goals. Panajachel's climate is classified as tropical. The seawater temperature of Guatemala varies between 28 ° C and 30 ° C along the coast of the Pacific Ocean and between 26 ° C and 30 ° C along the coast of the Caribbean Sea. Commercial fishing in the Pacific has developed and includes a catch of crustaceans, especially shrimp, and such fish as tuna, snapper, and mackerel; most of the catch is exported. [874308] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. While the return of nominal civilian control in the late 1980s helped to improve foreign investment, tourism, and the economy in general, negative trade balances and foreign indebtedness continued to hamper the economy. With average minimum temperatures ranging between 12 ° C and 16 ° C, and average maximum temperatures between 29 ° C and 22 ° C. The rains are concentrated in the months between May and October, while the dry season runs from November to April. You’ll find comfortable spring-like temperatures in major cities like La Antigua, Guatemala City, … See the latest Guatemala RealVue™ weather satellite map, showing a realistic view of Guatemala from space, as taken from weather satellites. Zacapa in the east, Cobán in the north, and Huehuetenango (the heartland of the Mam Maya) in the west are the major urban centres in the sierras. Average Weather in Guatemala City Guatemala. Guatemala has developed into a major world supplier of cardamom. Colourfully painted Roman Catholic church, San Andrés Xecul, Guatemala. The rainy season lasts from June to October and dry season from November to May. While Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion of Guatemalans, among the Maya it is often heavily infused with beliefs of pre-Columbian origin. Guatemala, country of Central America that is distinguished from its Central American neighbors by the dominance of an Indian culture within its interior uplands. In a year, the rainfall is 1490 mm | … Although rugged landscapes prevail in much of the volcanic region, numerous highland basins and the Pacific piedmont and coastal plain provide productive soils for agriculture. Although all official transactions in Guatemala are conducted in Spanish, many documents—such as those related to the peace agreement of December 1996 that ended more than three decades of civil war in Guatemala—are translated into more than 20 Mayan languages. On the basis of cultural traits, the population is divided into two main ethnic groups—Ladinos and Maya, who make up the vast majority of Indians in Guatemala and form several cultures. 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