Green leaves turn purple, red or yellow during autumn. Plant dogwoods in acid, moist, well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5. to 6.0. In the sun the twigs are coloured crimson, but lime green in the shade. The height of the tree varies according to the cultivar. The timber is so hard, it was used for crucifixes. The Chinese dogwood, sometimes called kousa dogwood, grows a bit slower on average than flowering dogwood: about 10 feet in 15 years. Height: Width: Depth: Length: Weight: Select an item from the list on the right to compare related dimensions. After pollination by insects, the flowers develop into small black berries – sometimes called 'dogberries'. Understated until the colder months when it bursts into colour, dogwood is a broadleaf shrub which thrives in damp woodland edges. Damask holds a Master of Arts in English and creative writing from the University of North Texas. Dogwood trees are widely known for their delicate beauty, and the kousa variety adds a toughness that makes this species an excellent choice for home landscapes and urban areas. This small Flowering Dogwood tree has an estimated height and spread of just 3 x 3 metres, but will not fail to impress in any garden. Dogwood trees are flowering trees that reach a height range of 15 to 40 feet. For pink flowers, 'Miss Satomi', 'Cherokee Sunset' and florida rubra are great choices. What most people think are flowers are actually bracts or modified leaf structures that resemble flower petals. Cornelian cherry dogwood trees (C. mas) grow to a height of 20 to 25 feet with a width of 15 to 20 feet, according to the Clemson University Extension. It is able to grow in damp conditions but can grow in many soil types. Bracts appear in yellow, pink or white hues. They can be underplanted with spring-flowering bulbs or used as part of a mixed wildlife-friendly hedge. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Provide partial shade when possible; dogwoods will grow in full sun but may develop into a shorter plant. Kousa dogwood trees (C. kousa) grow to a height and width of 20 to 25 feet, according to the Clemson University Extension. Many taller indigenous trees grow well in the desert such as ash, elm, pistache and oak. Avoid waterlogged soil with this species, because wet conditions are ideal for fungal growth. Growth Rate and Mature Height Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a short stout bush or a 25 foot tall tree. Dogwood flowers are creamy-white and appear in clusters. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. The four-petalled flowers have a bad smell.Identified in winter by: newer twigs which are bright red. The fresh green, oval leaves are 6cm long, have smooth sides and characteristic curving veins. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Dogwood is as tough as it looks and will thrive after a harsh cutback. The wood of the dogwood tree is one of the hardest and it is said that it was chosen to make the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified.The origin of the name comes from the smooth, straight twigs which were used to make butchers’ skewers. The scientific name for this type is Cornus florida. Dogwood flowers are not "true" flowers. Dogwoods thrive particularly well in the south and can be found across the State of Georgia. Pines also do well in Arizona. In the UK it can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. In spring, before the buds appear, remove almost a third of the stem. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Woodland Walks podcast with Adam Shaw and Dan Snow, Foraging for natural Christmas decorations. It is also a popular ornamental plant and is used in gardens to provide autumn and winter colour. Interesting Dogwood Facts: Dogwood can grow in the form of bush or small tree. Broadly conical in shape, it produces tiny green flowers in June, which are surrounded by showy, creamy-white, petal-like bracts, that fade to lovely shades of pink as they age. Dogwood can be susceptible to horse-chestnut scale insect – a sap-sucking, limpet-like insect which feeds on a wide range of trees and shrubs. In their natural habitat, dogwoods are understory trees, which are generally surrounded or protected by other larger trees. Flowering Dogwood. As a landscape … How to Grow Dogwood Trees. This species displays showy flowers during the end of winter and beginning of spring. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods.It thrives in zones 5-9. When grown in the sun, these deciduous trees reach a height of 15 to 20 feet, but when grown in the shade, they grow up to 40 feet. Green leaves change to red or red-purple during the autumn. A drink similar to tea can be made from the bark to treat pain and fevers, while the leaves can be made into a poultice to cover wounds. Under the right conditions, mature dogwoods can reach a height of 40 feet. Proper dogwood care will bring these lovely trees to their height of beauty. Cornelian cherry dogwood trees (C. mas) grow to a height of 20 to 25 feet with a width of 15 to 20 feet, according to the Clemson University Extension. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Give this tree enough space to grow, it can reach up to 20 feet tall and wide. 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