All articles, images, product names, logos, and brands are property of their respective owners. El Salvador, the smallest country in Central America is bordered in the north and west by Guatemala, by Honduras to the north and the east and by the Pacific Ocean in the south and to the west. Today, this region falls into modern day southern Mexico, most of Guatemala, all of Belize, the northern tip of Honduras, and a northeast piece of El Salvador. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 sq. The rivers are short and shallow in the Pacific vertient, larger and deeper, such as the Polochic which drains in Lake Izabal, Río Dulce, Motagua and Sarstún that forms the boundary with Belize in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico vertient (Usumacinta, which forms the boundary between Chiapas, Mexico and Petén and its tributaries such as La Pasión and San Pedro. physical features of Guatemala Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Last Updated: October 6, 2020. Guatemala is mountainous, except for the south coastal area and the vast northern lowlands of Petén department. Guatemala. Geographic coordinates 15°30′N 90°15′W / 15.500°N 90.250°W Map references Central America and the Caribbean Area Total: 108,889 km² Land: 107,159 km² To the west of Belize is the northernmost dep… Guatemala Guatemala is a country of volcanoes, mountains, and beaches on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The country is located in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico. We now have a Public mailbox! A representative democracy, its capital is Guatemala City. Guatemala is located in Central America along the North Pacific Ocean. Guatemalan coastlines cover about 200 miles on the Pacific Ocean and 70 miles on the Caribbean. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Map of Guatemala; Interactive Factbook: GEOGRAPHY, Flag, Map,Geography, People, Government, Economy, Transportation, Communications The geography varies greatly in different parts of this region of the world. Two mountain chains enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three major regions: the highlands, where the mountains are located; the Pacific coast, south of the mountains; and the limestone plateau of the Petén region, north of the mountains. The United States is one of Guatemala’s largest trading partners. The Geography of Guatemala Total Size: 108,890 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Tennessee Geographical Coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W World Region or Continent: Central America General Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m Geographical High Point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m Use of these names, logos, and brands does not imply endorsement unless specified. Guatemala - Guatemala - Climate: Located within the tropics and with elevations ranging between sea level and more than 13,000 feet (4,000 metres), Guatemala experiences a diversity of climates. The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. Photograph by Jill Schneider, Nat Geo Image Collection Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Antigua Guatemala area. km (761,610 sq mi), Mexico is a country located in the southern part of North America. The agricultural sector accounts for 13.5% of GDP and 31% of the labor force; key agricultural exports include sugar, coffee, bananas, and vegetables. Geography The northernmost of the Central American nations, Guatemala is the size of Tennessee. The largest lake Lago de Izabal (589.6 km²), is close to the Caribbean coast. The northern and southern mountains are separated by the Motagua valley, where the Motagua river and its tributaries drains from the highlands into the Caribbean being navigable in its lower end, where it forms the boundary with Honduras. A report by the Guatemalan System of Climate Change Sciences in 2019 indicated that rainy season is starting later as a result of climate change, putting subsistence farmers and indigenous people in poor communities at risk of food shortages resulting from poor harvests. The geography of Guatemala is … The major landforms in Guatemala include the highlands and prominent volcanoes, the highest peak of Tajumulco, the Pacific coast, the Caribbean coast, and the jungle area of Peten. Guatemala's location on the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean makes it a target for hurricanes, including Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and Hurricane Stan in October 2005, which killed more than 1,500 people. It is more temperate in the highlands, to freezing cold at the high of the Cuchumatanes range, and hot/drier in the easternmost departments. Antigua Guatemala Weather Forecasts. Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala City) Population 16,858,333 inhabitants Area 108,890 km² Major languages Spanish (official), Mayan languages Major religions Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Indigenous Mayan Beliefs More information Guatemala, Geography of Guatemala, History of Guatemala and Politics of Guatemala: More images Most of the major cities are located in the Highlands. On the coast it has a swampy coastal plain that is dominated by mangrove swamps, while in the south and the interior there are hills and low mountains. Do not miss : the Mayan site of Tikal, lost in the jungle! All rights reserved. Scale 1: 500,000. Looking to build up your students' map and data skills? Your email address will not be published. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. Covering an area of 1,972,550 sq. Geography, Climate and Biodiversity of Belize Belize is a relatively small country with mainly flat terrain. The mountain chain is characterized by steep volcanic cones, including Tajumulco Volcano 4,220 m or 13,845 ft, the highest point in the country and Central America. This map of Guatemala highlights major cities, transportation and water features for this country in Central America. Volcán Tajumulco, 4,220 m, the highest point in Central America, is located in the western department of San Marcos. To the north of Belize is the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, sharing a border with the Mexican town of Chetumal City. Its neighbors are Mexico on the north and west, and Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador on the east. Related geographic areas or categories: Guatemala, Middle East, National Geographic Maps & Travel Guides, National Geographic Travel Guides This activity asks your students to analyze the maps, flag, and data of Guatemala.Included is an assessment with 11. questions that can be answered through analyzing the maps, flag, and data included. Guatemala is the top remittance recipient in Central America as a result of Guatemala's large expatriate community in the US. 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