“It is therefore left uncertain, that men, being doubtful of their salvation, may repent the more vehemently and the more draw down on themselves the mercy of God”. They understood him to plead for repentance. "Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee." Jonah sent again to Nineveh, preaches there. They sinned against the light of nature, and that sufficed to bring down remediless destruction upon them. What if God treated Jonah the way Jonah wanted God to treat the people of Nineveh? Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. 1599-1645. Who can tell — (Compare Joel 2:14). "That fear was the parent of salvation; the threat removed the peril; the sentence of overthrow stayed the overthrow. Jonah was the son of Amittai, the prophet, a native of Gath-hepher, a Galillean village, a little to the north of Nazareth, the home of his great Anti-type. 1. Fervent prayer is mightily effectual; as long as a sinner is stirred up to cry to God, there is yet hope. "In uncertainty they repented, and obtained certain mercy" . 1832. Who can tell if God will turn and repent? (F. B. The way not to break under the sword of God's judgments, is to bow under the rod of his admonitions. Where is that Nineveh? "So the story of this old prophet is much more than a whale tale. What account then shall we give, when these, who had no good hopes held out to them as to the issue, gave evidence of such a change, and thou, who mayest be of good cheer as to God‘s love for men, and hast many times received many pledges of His care, and hast heard the prophets and Apostles, and hast been instructed by the events themselves, strivest not to attain the same measure of virtue as they? God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish." New and marvelous issue! The great encouragement to the sinner to turn to God is, that there is not only a peradventure of mercy to the truly penitent, but an assurance of it confirmed by the unchangeable oath of the God who cannot lie. (4.) (1-4) Nineveh is spared upon the repentance of the inhabitants. The Book of Jonah should be exceedingly comfortable to those who are despairing because of the wickedness of their times. He was sent with a thundering commission, and he dealt it out in a thundering fashion. A fast was proclaimed, and all of them, from the greatest to the least, put on sackcloth. The eventual falling of the whole nation into debauchery and violence again was nothing more than the normal human reaction to God's blessings, nations finding it quite easy to renounce God and all righteousness in times of prosperity, and thus making the very blessing of the Father the occasion of their turning away from him. "The Ninevites then assumed that one of their gods-it is ultimately immaterial which one they may have thought it to be, or if they found it necessary to make such an identification-was planning to compound their recent troubles by bringing disaster to the city." They are unacquainted with the method of the lovingkindness of God, and they are changed amid uncertainty. According to the decree of the king and his nobles, a fast is kept most strict and solemn; nor man nor beast may taste ought, not so much as water; but, covered with sackcloth, they are enjoined to cry mightily to God; even the beasts for lack of food would lift up their inarticulate voices: and men, women, and children, must unite in their prayers for mercy, if yet mercy might be found. "Commentary on Jonah 3:9". And all the people at his command, from the greatest to the least, copied after their royal master, and lay in sackcloth, deprecating that vengeance which all had provoked, and which was ready to consume them together. Who knows? 2nd, One day's preaching effectually wrought upon the Ninevites, and rendered it unnecessary for the prophet to proceed any farther. but they are the words of the king, with respect to God, encouraging his subjects to the above things, from the consideration of the probability, or at least possibility, of God's being merciful to them: if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce wrath. Jonah 3:9 King James Version (KJV) 9 Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? 1. 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