Typha latifolia is a very vigorous, herbaceous perennial plant. … Can grow 5-8 feet tall and 3/4 to 1.5 inches wide. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The Cheyenne used powdered roots and white leaf bases to make an infusion taken to relieve stomach cramps. Herbarium Name Used: Typha latifolia 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn) Westchester: 1888: BKL – BKL00099780 Herbarium Name Used: Typha latifolia 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn) Yates: 1952: BH Herbarium Name Used: Typha latifolia … In North Carolina, fruits are available from June to November. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. T. latifolia and other Typha species were historically used by many indigenous peoples (Turner, 1981; Gott, 1999). In nature, it can be found in the fresh waters of ponds, lakes, and marshes, including tidal freshwater marshes and slightly brackish marshes. Male flowers appear above the female flowers on each stalk. Cylindrical flower in mid to late summer; good fresh or dried in arrangements. common cattail. Various parts of the plant may be eaten, e.g. … The database and code is licensed under a Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The male flower lies directly above the female flower on the same stem. Many uses including food, medicine, thatching, and glue/cement. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Typhaceae Typha latifolia L. Broadleaf Cattail Dakota - Fiber, Mats, Rugs & Bedding Use documented by: Gilmore, Melvin R., 1913, Some Native Nebraska Plants With Their Uses by the Dakota, Collections of the Nebraska State Historical Society 17:358-70, page 359 View all documented uses for Typha latifolia L. The rhizomes can be eaten raw, baked, roasted, or broiled. The Indiana Plants Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Ajna Fern Stem and leaves are used for thatching, making paper and woven into mats, chairs, hats, etc. Traditionally, Typha latifolia has been a part of certain indigenous cultures of British Columbia, as a source of food, medicine, and for other uses. With influxes of nutrients or freshwater, cattails are aggressive invaders in both brackish salt marshes and freshwater wetlands. Typha latifolia Linnaeus: Common Name: Common Cat Tail; Broadleaf Cat Tail: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: … If you would like to support this site, please consider. Young plants of Cyperus papyrus and Typha latifolia … The plant material and substrate media used. It does have some drought tolerance as long as the soil doesn't dry out. Heavy metal application. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Root Cutting … Typha latifolia plants were obtained from a local provider and grown in 5 l plastic pots in a greenhouse at 14 h daylength, 10 h night, at an average humidity of 50%. Any knowledge of how to … The white colored shoots at the base of … They prefer full sun to partial shade. Cattails tolerate perennial flooding, reduced soil conditions and moderate salinity. They are often a nuisance but also perform an important function in keeping a lake healthy by filtering the runoffs. N. & S. America, Europe, Eurasia and Africa. Latin name: Typha latifolia. with help from This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The plant has a variety of uses. The female flower is the brown velvet, sausage-shaped … Naturalize in wetland areas. It is used for clarifying water and cleansing soil. Typha latifolia, broad-leaved cattail, is distinguished from T. angustifolia, narrow-leaved cattail, by the relative width of the leaf and the position of the staminate and pistillate portions of the spadix (heads). Leaves turn bright yellow in fall. 2.2. Bog gardens. rhizomes as a cooked vegetable or as a … Typha latifolia … After pollination, the male portion of the stalk disintegrates and you are left with the cattail portion. The Delaware used roots to cure kidney stones. Known Hazards. Typha / ˈ t aɪ f ə / is a genus of about 30 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Typhaceae.These plants have a variety of common names, in British English as bulrush or reedmace, … nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, historical information, harvesting tips, etc.) web interface by In fact, Euell Gibbons called Cattails the "Supermarket of the Swamps". Drummond notes that Typha roots were used to feed large gatherings that took place annually in autumn. Sword-like flat, gray-green, leaves with parallel veins arise from the plant base. http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. broadleaf cattail. Typha latifolia is an important wild food source; however, caution should be used in selecting plants for harvest from pollution-free areas, as this genus is known to absorb large quantities of toxins where … The rhizomes are edible after cooking and removing the … Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Can become invasive. please check out our Cattail PDF magazine. The Houma made a stem decoction for … Somewhat resistant to drought. Typha latifolia, called common cattail, is native to marshes, swamps and wetlands in North America, Europe and Asia. Typha latifoliais a unisexual plant, yet it typically uses sexual reproduction. Abstract-The Typha latifolia, commonly known as the cattail plant, possess certain material properties that allow them to withstand a large amount of bending without the stem becoming fractured or damaged. Parts of the plant are edible if picked at the appropriate time. Cyperus papyrus and Typha latifolia were used in this study. Female flowers appear below the male flowers on the stalk. Young shoots are picked at 4 to 16 inches long and can be eaten raw, cooked or pickled. Richard Morris. Typha latifolia (cattails) are among the most common of all aquatic plants. Common names: broad-leaved cattail, reedmace, cat o’nine tails, bulrush Scientific name: Typha latifolia Plant family: Typhaceae Description: Broad-leaved cattail is a semiaquatic or marsh … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The Common Cattail is a grass-like native plant to North Carolina. Typha latifolia. Known hazard for all of the typha family: They absorb and retain pollutants, storing them primarily in the rootstock (rhizomes). The website also … Garden Uses. It is a marginal … Grow in containers to control the spread in smaller ponds or water gardens and cover with up to 30 inches of water. Ken Fern, Heat tolerant. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. The sticky sap between the leaves is an excellent starch and can be used to thicken soups and broths. For more in-depth information (e.g. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Typha latifolia, Broad Leaf Cattails, are one of the most important native wetland plants, providing wildlife habitat, improving water quality and providing food for wildlife. It is the common cattail found throughout the State of Missouri. Tall, erect, and unbranched with underground stems (rhizomes). Externally, it is used to treat … medicinal herbs. Flower spikes are very popular additions to dried flower arrangements. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/typlat/all.html Birds use the cattail as nesting material. Although he claims to have observed these meetings which lasted for several days, he does … Internally it is used for the treatment of Kidney stones, Internal Bleeding, painful Menstruation, Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Abscesses and Cancer of Lymphatic System. The pollen can be used as flour. cattail. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Rhizomes are a food source for small mammals. In North Carolina, flowers are available from May to July. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The female has long hairs that catch pollen. Typha latifolia . Plant is a good source of biomass, making a superior addition to the compost heap or used as a … Typha Species: latifolia Family: Typhaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Many uses including food, medicine, thatching, and glue/cement. N.C. Native Americans used … Plants can cover extensive areas of wet and muddy land, often excluding most other species of plant. Ponds. The Cyperus papyrus plant was collected from Tokh Al Qaramous, El-Ash Sharqia Governorate,while Typha latifolia was collected from Lake El-Manzala. Typha latifolia … Research has been done on its ability to filter toxins, to be used … Water gardens. General Information. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. 2.2. Fruits are brown in color. (Typha latifolia) Food: The roots may be ground into a flour. 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