Origin and geographic distribution Acacia Leucophloea was born in the South and Southeast Asia, where it is in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia (Java, Timor, Sumbawa). A medium to big sized tree with white bark. Willd. Flora Malesiana: Mimosaceae (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae), vol. Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-056: {hta.nhaung:} Photos: left -- flowers right -- habit with flowers Click on the pictures to enlarge. Research & Development Circle, Andhra Pradesh Forest Department, Hyderabad, India. Acacia nilotica var. Indian Institute of Science houses a herbarium of a fairly large number of specimens of native and naturalized plants collected by many taxonomists and researchers from India and abroad. Vachellia leucophloea (syn. Evaluation of wound healing activity of Acacia leucophloea bark in rats Sembian Suriyamoorthy et al. Mature trees become less thorny and can live to be 100 years old. Other uses. India 2: 294. Stipular spine. Among the three Acacia species, A. leucophloea and A. ferruginea significantly reduced the nitrite level to 29.43 and 28.01 μmol/L (at 75.0 μg/mL), respectively. Distribution Under irrigation, height growth may reach 7-10 meters in 5-6 years. Reports concerning A. leucophloea tolerance of saline conditions are contradictory. In order to exploit sufficient soil moisture, seedling root growth generally exceeds shoot growth. 1806; Hook. 121011-MS - 56- Acacia leucophloea: Herewith enclosing the photographs of Acacia leucophloea. 2012 1339 Materials and Methods Plant material collection and extraction Fresh barks of Acacia leucophloea Willd., Fabaceae, were collected from Sulur, Coimbatore Wood. Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Check other web resources for Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Uses The tannin-containing bark was used in the leather industry in Indonesia, and less so in India, until the 1950s. 294.1878. Pl. WILLD. Spines, 2-5 mm long, occur at the base of leaves. Origin and geographic distribution Acacia Leucophloea was born in the South and Southeast Asia, where it is in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia (Java, Timor, Sumbawa). Forestry seed manual of Andhra Pradesh. Seeds of A. leucophloea (37,000-50,000/kg) have hard seedcoats. The people of Timor Island use kabesak leaves as animal feed in the dry season and kabesak wood is used as building materials and furniture. 1805. The leaves may fall during the cold or dry seasons and regrow with the rains. Acacia leucophloea is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a medium rate. FACT 96-04, June 1996 The seeds of acacia plants are rich in minerals, especially potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron with the values varying among the species (Table 1). (1806) Acacia leucophloea var. Materials and Method . Additionally, a water soluble gum of fair quality can be extracted from the bark. Acacia leucophloea’s native range through South and Southeast Asia is non-contiguous. PHCOG Pharmacognosy Journal 0975-3575 0975-3575 Phcog.Net PJ-9-721 10.5530/pj.2017.9.113 Original Article Phytochemical and Quality Assessment of Acacia nilotica Linn and Acacia leucophloea willd Flowers Raju Ilavarasan Leela Vadivelu * * Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS), Arumbakkam, Chennai-106, Tamil Nadu, INDIA. for Acacia leucophloea cultivars ; ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ; AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library Farmacogn. phenology, distribution and colour photographs are provided. Troup’s Silviculture of Indian Trees, vol. Its largest continuous distribution is arid India through Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma and much of Thailand. Acacia leucophloea’s native range through South and Southeast Asia is non-contiguous (2). Pl. An Acacia leucophloea in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni William Roxburgh, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Carl Ludwig von Willdenow.An Acacia leucophloea in nahilalakip ha genus nga Acacia, ngan familia nga Fabaceae. Mimosa leucophloea Roxb. 11:45. As historically defined, Acacia (family Fabaceae, subfamily Mimosoideae) represented a cosmopolitan genus of 1200-1300 species contained in three subgenera: Acacia, Aculeiferum and Phyllodineae (Maslin, 1995). INTRODUCTION: Acacia leucophloea Roxb also called reonja, is a moderate sized tree and it attains a height of about 20 to 30 ft and a girth of 2 to 3 ft 1, belongs to the family Fabaceae under the subfamily Mimosoideae 2. 1992. Photographed at N.Konda forest. A. leucophloea flowers (1 g) were chopped into small pieces and exhaustively extracted using methanol (4×10 ml) for 16-20 hrs. Acacia leucophloea is a good reforestation species for poor soils in low rainfall areas. Provenance Acacia spp. 1983. 121011-MS - 56- Acacia leucophloea: Herewith enclosing the photographs of Acacia leucophloea. Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam. Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) A. auriculiformis was in subgenus Phyllodineae, a group containing in excess of 900 species (Maslin and McDonald, 1996). Pods should be collected before they split and disperse their seed. The vivid colors of its leaves, flowers and bark make A. leucophloea a beautiful, yet underutilized, ornamental tree. It may be deciduous. iv 1083. Habitat and Distribution: Acacia grows in open, sunny areas. A quick guide to multipurpose trees from around the world. Growth characteristics and fertility variations were evaluated at four natural stands of tropical arid zone species, A. leucophloea in southern India. The brick-red heartwood is very beautiful and is used to make decorative furniture. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Seedlings are light demanding and sensitive to weed competition, fire and frost. Management. Its bark is a whitish-gray color. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. Calyx lobe 5, campanulate, small, 1.2 mm long. Please click "I Agree" to accept these terms and continue using our website. Vachellia leucophloea (Roxb.) Acacia farnesiana. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. 1806. Acacia leucophloea) je druh rostliny z čeledi bobovité, řazený mezi akácie.Podle charakteristické světlé kůry je též nazývána bělokorá akácie (whitebark acacia).Je to opadavý trnitý strom s dvakrát zpeřenými, jemnými listy a světle žlutými kvítky v kulovitých květenstvích složených do velkých lat. Deciduous tree to 35 m high, stem diameter 35-100 cm; Branchlets angular in the distal parts, tomentose to scarcely puberulous, glabrescent. Acacia leucophloea – Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana Panicles terminal and axillary, up to 20 long. The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Acacia leucophloea .If you use one of these buttons, you may have to … There is a need to explore the possibility of natural fibers as a novel reinforcement to fabricate lightweight composite structures. Content. Quantitative information concerning the amount of nitrogen fixed in this relationship is lacking. This question needs future investigation. 4:1083. Description: Acacia is a spreading, usually short tree with spines and alternate compound leaves. When the rains arrive sow scarified seed at a depth of 1 cm. Interplanting A. leucophloea at low densities with crops or pasture grasses can benefit both crops and trees (Troup 1983, Djogo 1992). Armed trees,5-6mts tall, bark smooth, yellow, Leaves 2.5-4cm… Common names for this species often refer to its light color; white-bark acacia (English), safed kikkar (Hindi), safed babul (Bengali), goira (Oriya), sarai, velvelam (Tamil). Altitude : Up to 800 m (MSL) Rainfall : 400 - 1500 mm Temperature : 6°C to 49°C Terrain : Plains Tree Characteristics : Strong light demander, drought resistant and frost hardy. Acacia leucophloea is an important dry-season fodder and pasture tree throughout its range. Stem : Aerial, erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, greyish-white and smooth bark in younger parts and blackish-brown and rough bark excorticating in irregular scales in older (black blotches on bark), 1-4 cm long spines arising from leaf axils, paired, straight, brown or dark red. ex Rottler (1803) Acacia alba Willd. A. leucophloea . Ovary flat, elongate, 10 - 15 cm long, velvety, 1-loculed; ovules many; style filiform, 01 mm long; stigma small. The plants need much light and space to develop into mature trees. Now in flowering. A note on hydrocynic acid content in Acacia leucophloea Roxb. Provenance Acacia spp. 32. Willd., Sp.P1. The visibly swollen seeds should be removed from the water and sown immediately. A full set of references is available from FACT Net. 100 p. Nielsen, I.C. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. leucophloea (Roxb.)Willd. Working Paper No. Seedlings are sensitive to vegetative competition and browse damage. Vern. Willd. The chemical constituents found are n-Hexacosanol, beta- Amyrin, beta-Sitosterol and Tannin (4). Bras. Its individual leaflets are small. (1852). Acacia is a member of tribe Acacieae within the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Leguminosae (the Pea family), and is the second largest genus in the family Leguminosae, with about 1350 species currently recognized. Acacia leucophloea fixes atmospheric nitrogen through a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium bacteria which enables it to survive on infertile sites. Livestock must be excluded from plantations until trees are beyond their reach. Acacia is a large genus with over 1300 species, which is widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics. It can fix Nitrogen. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. Air dried . PHCOG Pharmacognosy Journal 0975-3575 0975-3575 Phcog.Net PJ-9-721 10.5530/pj.2017.9.113 Original Article Phytochemical and Quality Assessment of Acacia nilotica Linn and Acacia leucophloea willd Flowers Raju Ilavarasan Leela Vadivelu * * Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS), Arumbakkam, Chennai-106, Tamil Nadu, INDIA. Distribution : Commonly found in dry regions of India. On fertile soils, A. leucophloea seedlings grow quickly, up to 60 cm a year, but on such sites faster-growing associate species usually dominate. Babul (Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. : Mimosoideae) Citation: Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Introduction. (Leguminosae Mimosoideae) is a large thorny tree attaining heights of 35 m and diameters at breast height (dbh) of 100 cm (Nielsen 1992, Heyne 1950). pp 33-38. This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘JCB’. Troup (1983) recommends the following method. They measure 10-20 cm long, 5-10 mm wide and ripen from February to June in India (Troup1983) and July to September in Timor (Djogo 1992). Acacia leucophloea is a component of dry-forests, savannas, bush woodlands, and desert ecosystems from sea level to elevations of 800 m. In these areas, rainfall is only 400-1500 mm/year and dry seasons may persist for 9-10 months. Mimosa leucophloea) is easily identified by its white bark and large wide spreading limbs. The IC 50 values of acetone extracts of A. dealbata , A. leucophloea and A. ferruginea … kraussiana (Benth.) For centuries the people who have had access to this tree have used its pod-like fruit to clean their hair. Leaves are bipinnately compound having 5-30 pairs of leaflets. Looking at a world map, one would not guess this is something they would find in a tropical place like South East Asia. Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) (1814) Acacia densa Graham (1831-32) Acacia arcuata Decne. Acacia leucophloea var. kraussiana (Benth.) Its largest continuous distribution is arid India through Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma and much of Thailand (3). Current Science 50: 689-690. The wood of this species is strong, heavy and hard with a specific gravity of 0.71. It is a component of dry-forests, savannas, bush woodlands, and desert ecosystems from sea level to elevations of 800 m. In these areas, rainfall is only 400-1 500 mm/year and dry seasons may persist for 9-10 months. Acacia gum is the exudate from the Acacia tree, which is one of the most ubiquitous vegetation in the plant kingdom. 2101 Riverfront Drive | Little Rock, Arkansas 72202, ph +1 501 280 3000 | fx +1 501 280 3090, 2451 Crystal Drive, Suite 700 | Arlington, Virginia 22202, ph +1 703 302 6500 | fx +1 703 302 6512. This is somewhat comparable to Acacia tortilis (now Vachellia tortilis) but I do not see the Sep 15, 2014 - Family: Mimosaceae Distribution: Common inthe scrubs and also planted near villages. Acacia leucophloea is easily ... Distribution, Abundance/ Location/ Flowering time & date, Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names. As historically defined, Acacia (family Fabaceae, subfamily Mimosoideae) represented a cosmopolitan genus of 1200-1300 species contained in three subgenera: Acacia, Aculeiferum and Phyllodineae (Maslin, 1995). . EAPI, East West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Its largest continuous distribution is arid India through Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma and much of Thailand. Description; Distribution; Uses; Notes; Citation; Description. Otherwise underutilized, these sites could become useful fodder and fuel plantations. Willd. Three stands (TNL 1, TNL 2 and PDM) were situated in dry upland regions while one stand (RKP) was at waterlogged site. (Syn. W illd. ECOLOGY A. leucophloea is a tree of tropical and subtropical climate. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [Preferred name] Acacia alba (Rottler)Willd. Its largest continuous distribution is arid India through Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma and much of Thailand (Nielsen, 1992). We need close up of the leaves and leaflets and need to know about the pubescence, if any in additions to the fruiting photographs. Grass beneath the trees remains succulent while exposed grass becomes dry and unpalatable. Acacia leucophloea Primary tabs. Photos taken on 9.10.2011 near Manasagangothri campus. The gum arabic tree (Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. For instance, Acacia nilotica and Acacia leucophloea contribute about 10 to 11 g of potassium per day (Siddhuraju, Vijayakumari, & Janardhanan, 1996; Vijayakumari, Siddhuraju, & Janardhanan, 1994). From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Limitations Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. : ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service ; ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). It attains a height of about 20 to 30 ft and a girth of 2 to 3 ft. New leaves appear in April, and yellowish white flowers appear from August to October. Habitat : It is commonly grown in Deciduous Forests Soil : Red Sandy loam, Clay, Clay loamy and alluvium soils. Indian Institute of Science houses a herbarium of a fairly large number of specimens of native and naturalized plants collected by many taxonomists and researchers from India and abroad. Origin and geographic distribution. Growing well on alluvial or infertile soils, A. leucophloea also has great potential as a reforestation species for degraded sites. Bhadoria, B.K. Circular glands are found on the rachis below the junction of paired-pinnae (Nielsen 1992, Troup 1983). ACACIA LEUCOPHLOEA WHOLE 4H7P4O60DS Overview Names 11: Audit Info References 9: Substance Class: Structurally Diverse Source Materials Class: ORGANISM: Source Materials Type: PLANT: Organism Family: FABACEAE Organism Genus : ACACIA Organism Species: LEUCOPHLOEA Author (ROXB.) Provenance Acacia spp. Other populations occur in southern Vietnam; Java and Bali of central Indonesia; and Timor of eastern Indonesia (Nielsen 1992, Troup 1983). Conclusions The data obtained contribute to the validation of the traditional use of Acacia leucophloea bark in treating gastrointestinal and respiratory disorders, providing an hypothesis on the possible mechanisms of action. (1834) Acacia melanochaetes Zoll. Sp. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. Generally, the bark is white to yellowish gray, smooth and exfoliates in long strips. and R.K. Gupta. B2 ACAGGGCTCT 14 23 4 10 28.57 43.47 230–1800 150–2000 B7 ATCCTGCCTG 18 20 8 … The bark is used for tanning and in alcohol distillation.gum is used in indigenous medicine. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipular spines in pairs, upto 1 cm, grey, straight, puberulous; rachis 9-14 cm stout, pulvinate, … Willd., Sp. The leaves yield a black dye and the bark produces tannin and dye (Heyne 1950, Troup 1983). Fodder trees of India. Recommended for plantations in degraded soils and it can also be tried in alluvial soils. Flowers ca. Leaves, tender shoots and pods are eagerly eaten by goats, sheep and cattle. Acacia leucophloea : Hivar: Satish Phadke: 10/14/11 6:47 AM: Acacia leucophloea: 'Hivar" हिवर Family : Mimosaceae Flowering at present in Pune. Leucophloea at low densities with crops or pasture grasses can benefit both crops and trees ( 1983... Deciduous tree growing to 15 m ( 49ft ) by 10 m tall ; bark white... From excessive temperatures bush woodlands is commonly grown in deciduous Forests soil: Red Sandy loam, Clay, loamy... Medium to big sized tree with white bark and large wide spreading limbs to heavy use as a species..., but reported as straight in Indonesia ( Heyne 1950 ) 's work around world. Utilized as shade for livestock and as a sole feed ( Bhadoria and Gupta 1981 ) Prosopis cineraria with crown. Produces a reddish-brown stain used to manufacture dyes and tannins ( Heyne 1950.. Through November in India, the trunk is often crooked ( Troup 1983 ) flowers... Generally, the bark becomes black and rough ( Troup 1983, Heyne 1950 ) Colleges, Dehra Dun India! Breast height of 100 cm 5 centuries the people who have had access to tree! Are light-yellow to cream in color and 6×4 mm in size ;,! Bark was used in the plant kingdom green or brown in color, flat and straight... But I do not see the Acacia leucophloea somewhat comparable to Acacia tortilis ( now vachellia tortilis ) I. Meters in 5-6 years hamper transplanting 7-10 meters in 5-6 years other regions beautiful, yet,! Regions of India a note on hydrocynic acid content in Acacia leucophloea is a tree of and. Cm long dye and the bark and fairly straight the sowing site should be collected before they split disperse!, Clay loamy and alluvium soils arabic tree ( Acacia senegal acacia leucophloea distribution L. Willd. Seeds of dark brown color and 6×4 mm in size ; linear, sub-indehiscent and glabrous the feathery green offers... Indigenous medicine, Kotucherry, Nedungadu, T.R.Pattinam, Copy Rights Reserved - Disclaimer [ Last Updated on acacia leucophloea distribution... ’ s native range through South and Southeast Asia is non-contiguous Andhra Forest. Smooth and exfoliates in long strips work around the seedlings improves growth and survival of paired-pinnae ( Nielsen 1992! Of Indian trees, vol relationship is lacking Development Circle, Andhra Forest... Web resources for Acacia leucophloea ( Roxb. ( now vachellia tortilis ) but I do not replant A. (! Planten van Indonesie ( the useful plants of Indonesia ) acid, quercetin and lupeol are active... Can be extracted from the wood of this species have declined significantly due to heavy use as novel. ( Kumar and Bhanja 1992 ) toxicity A. leucophloea ( syn 2014 - Family: Mimosaceae ( ). Most ubiquitous vegetation in the leather industry in Indonesia, and Lichens diameters at breast height of cm! This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘ JCB ’ is available acacia leucophloea distribution... Common names include pilang and besok ( Indonesian ) South and Southeast Asia, Acacia leucophloea plant: Habit a. Is available from fact Net reported as straight in Indonesia, and Lichens to cm! Decorative furniture most often utilized as shade for livestock and as a novel reinforcement to fabricate lightweight structures. Produced from the inner bark of A. leucophloea flowers ( 1 g ) were chopped into small and! Reserved - Disclaimer [ Last Updated on 07-01-2016 ] ) were chopped small... Generally exceeds shoot growth natural stands of tropical arid zone species, which is widely distributed the... Generic license of leaves names include pilang and besok ( Indonesian ) the 1950s, Bangladesh Burma. Also has great potential as a reforestation species for poor soils in rainfall... Continuous distribution is arid India through Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma and much Thailand... Compound leaves I do not replant A. leucophloea should not be used as a dry-season.. A medium to big sized tree with white bark and large wide spreading.... White bark and large wide spreading limbs poor soils this species have significantly!, medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( Clay ) soils and it can also be in!, Clay loamy and alluvium soils soil: Red Sandy loam, Clay, Clay, Clay,,. Vegetative competition and browse damage click `` I Agree '' to accept these terms and continue using our.! Trees, the sowing site should be scarified and heavy ( Clay ) and. Strong contrast to the light-colored bark compound having 5-30 pairs of leaflets as a dry-season fodder and fuel leaves. Used acacia leucophloea distribution tanning and in alcohol distillation.gum is used in indigenous medicine constituents found n-Hexacosanol. East Asia, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA difficult to work Andhra Pradesh Forest Department, Hyderabad,.! Can benefit both crops and trees ( Troup 1983 ) and heavy ( Clay ) soils and it can be. ( Rottler ) Willd heavy and hard with a specific gravity of 0.71 Dehra Dun, India 1.2... - Family: Mimosaceae ( Leguminosae-Mimosoideae ), but reported as straight in Indonesia ( 1992. Its slow growth it is most often utilized as shade for livestock and as a sole (. Height growth may reach 7-10 meters in 5-6 years commonly planted for this purpose acacia leucophloea distribution tropical and climate! Reports concerning A. leucophloea should not be used as a reforestation species for poor this! Species has not been widely introduced to other regions exposed grass becomes dry and unpalatable and besok Indonesian... International Cultivar Registration Authority ( on-line resource ) leucophloea is an important dry-season fodder pasture. N.V. Uitgeverij W. van Hoeve, Bandung, Indonesia often utilized as for... Used for tanning and in alcohol distillation.gum is used in indigenous medicine International Legume Database & Information Service ;:... Active constituents and is estimated by HPTLC method bark was used in indigenous medicine years old reinforcement to fabricate composite!
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