Motivation Develops Positive Attitude: Motivational techniques like rewards, appreciation, recognition etc. 5. Development of Friendly Relationships 10. They are more loyal, punctual and regular in their work schedule and stay on-job for a longer period of time in the organisation. He sets out to explain what determines the intensity of people’s motivation. In the absence of motivation, employees may be indifferent towards organisational goals and may perform at minimum level. Technology system and methods become ineffective in these, if the people lack zeal and enthusiasm for work. Efficient leaders, thus, develop as a result of effective motivation. The utilization of physical and financial resources depends on the ability and zeal of people to work. Already registered? Motivation will help in changing the attitude of employees from negative to positive. In a retail setting, for example, a cashier might offer to work a double shift when a manager is short staffed, but would expect praise and perhaps additional compensation for doing so. The untapped reservoirs of physical and mental abilities are taped to the maximum. Motivation Improves the Performance of Employees and the Organisation: A manager through motivational techniques satisfies the needs of employees. - Theories, Methods & Factors, Accounting Disciplines: Descriptions and Definitions, Employee Motivation Programs: Incentives and Reward Systems, What Is Staff Motivation? It channelizes energy of employees for achieving organizational goals. Motivation is defined as energizing, directing and sustaining employee efforts. The process of motivation consists of three stages:-. Low Employee Turnover and Absenteeism: When the employees are not satisfied with their job then they will leave it whenever they get an alternative offer. Motivation is an important tool in the hands of management to direct the behaviour of sub-ordinates in the desired and appropriate direction and thus minimising the wastage of human and other resources. They are well disciplined. A motivated team should … courses that prepare you to earn The motivation bridges the gap between “capacity to work” and “Willingness to work.”. Improves Performance Level 2. Combines Ability with Willingness 12. As the human concept of labour has changed and now labourer is treated as a man and not a commodity. Motivation creates a willingness on the part of workers to do the work in a better way. are more committed and cooperative for seeking organizational objectives. Motivation brings these rates lower. The style of the manager is usually seen in management theory as typology. Extrinsic motivation is external in nature. Human resource is the most important resource out of all the available resources that include man, material, machine, money, and methods. Face to face communication is quite useful if organization members are to be motivated to do their best. It is the basic function of management. are the inducements organisations offer to obtain good results from people. This increases the efficiency of organisational activities. A sound motivational system satisfies needs and motives of employees making workplace a source of pleasure and work a pleasant experience. 8. High Motivation helps to reduce resistance to change. Motivation also helps organisations in improving their image due to efficient performance, maintenance of self-discipline and productive internal environment. Reduced labour turnover – Motivation has both financial and non-financial incentive schemes. 5. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. All the members of an organisation try to be as efficient as possible and to improve upon their skill and knowledge so that they may be able to contribute to the progress of the organisation as much as possible because they know that they will get what has been promised and ultimately they will be able to satisfy their personal as well as social needs. Motivation is directly related to the level of efficiency. In an organisation all the members of the staff make their efforts to achieve the objectives of the organisation and carry out the plans in accordance with the policies and programmes laid down by the organisation if the management introduces motivational plans. Motivation will foster team spirit among workers. 7. succeed. Increased Level of Efficiency/Productivity: As and when employees are motivated their level of efficiency is increased. They will think of positive side of new changes and will co-operate with the management. 4. When the employees are satisfied with their jobs and they are well motivated by offering them financial and non-financial incentives then they will not leave the job. The management of motivation is therefore a critical element of success in any business; with an increase in productivity, an organization can achieve higher levels of output. Would you want to continue to work as hard? It is a kind of organized foresight as well as corrective hindsight. iv. Motivation brings about employee satisfaction through financial aid or reward, recognition of good work and promotional opportunities. But the motivation fills in the desire to perform to their maximum level. Workers are invited to participate in the decision-making function of the management. It involves responsibility to achieve the objectives and to fulfill specific organizational purposes through economical and effective planning and regulation. They work with responsibility and put their hard efforts of the organisation. Workers are invited to participate in the decision-making function of the management. This motivation can be created by the management along with their employees by collectively, identifying and recognising the benefits of possible changes. Content Guidelines 2. Motivation is the basis for getting the co- operation from all the employees. Motivation influences the willingness of people to work and willingness comes from within. Employees who feel like they are part of a team and are praised for a job well done will fulfill the need for belonging and esteem and will likely be more motivated. Motivation will act as a stimulant for improving the performance of employees. Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net! At times they do not arises at all. Healthy Corporate Image, 6. This in turn promotes a long-term, employee-employer relationship. The main features of motivation are a goal-oriented continuous process and a psychological phenomenon that converts abilities into performance. Development of Leaders 14. If the members of an organisation are effectively motivated then from such motivation the expected results are that –. The effective direction, motivation and leadership, takes a business forward. But clearly, the leader does not always go first and he develops the effective ideas and implements those ideas by motivating the team members. This reduces absenteeism. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? A team of highly qualified and motivated employees is necessary for achieving the objectives of an organization. Highly motivated employ­ees are loyal and committed to the organization. Motivation promotes communication between managers and workers. How do you define management?Management is a process with a social element. Good Interpersonal Relationships among Employees: Refers to the level of comfort an employee shares with his/her colleagues, subordinates, and superiors. 11. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. In business, all physical resources need to be used through human force. Motivation is an important part of managing that inspires subordinates/employees to maintain and/or improve their efficiencies. Motivation will help in improving co-operation and co-ordination in the organisation and employees will work in a team-spirit. High degree of motivation may lead to high morale. It helps people to move in a desired direction and earn rewards. Everything you need to know about the importance and significance of motivation. A Motivated Employee Stays in the Organisation More and their Absenteeism is Quite Low- High turnover and absenteeism create many problems in the organisation. Employees attend to their work regularly and sincerely so as to earn rewards. This can be achieved only when Employees co-operate in this task. Availability of right personnel – Financial and non-financial incentives not only retains the existing employees but also attract the employees from outside the enterprise. Both workers and management are benefited by such plans. Before any of you decide that you think you can … Basic types of management style with relevant characteristics, positive and negative sides are distinguished. Building of good labour relations – Motivation helps to solve the labour problems of absenteeism, labour turnover, indiscipline and grievances. Em­ployees do their tasks loyally and enthusiastically. 18. Recruiting, training and development of number of new personnel do not only take a long time but it is expensive too. Motivation creates a need and desire on the part of the workman to present his better performance. Importance of motivation for an organisation can be examined on the basis of the following factors: Motivated employees have the ability and willing­ness to work and improve their performance level by obtaining relevant education and training. It involves the ability to foresee the effects of current actions in the long run in the future.Peter Drucker has defined plannin… Motivated employees support all changes that are in the interest of the organization. 11. It also looks after the company’s productivity and it makes sure the productivity level is going up instead of decreasing. One of the most important functions of management is to create willingness amongst the employees to perform in the best of their abilities. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Thus, motivation while keeping employees happy and satisfied reduces absenteeism leading to increased productivity for the organisation. It helps them guide and lead their behaviour in the right direction. Thus, it leads to increase in productivity, reducing the cost of operations and seeming overall efficiency. A man may have a capacity to work and he may be physically, mentally and technically fit for work but he may not be willing to work. Managers who want to encourage productivity should work to ensure that employees: All of these tasks fall under one or more motivational theories. Highly motivated employees try to maintain a self- disciplined and productive internal environment in the organization. When the needs of employees are satisfied and they get proper recognition, then they will have positive attitude towards work. Equity theory indicates that employees are best motivated when they feel that they are being treated equally. Think about how you might feel if you continually worked as hard as possible but never received additional recognition or compensation. Highly motivated employees greatly help in making optimum use of available resources. Willingness of the People to Work- Motivation influences the willingness of people to work and willingness comes from within. Motivated employees put higher performance as compared to other employees. The third basic managerial function is leading. MOTIVATION & ITS THEORIES Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation. Select a subject to preview related courses: Lack of equity, whether real or imagined, can damage employee motivation. It requires the efficient use of resources combined with the guidance of people in order to reach a specific organizational objective. It is Helpful in Building Good Labour Relations-. This means reduced employee turnover. What employees do depends largely on how much and why they want to do. They may readily accept the change as they can foresee additional rewards they will receive as a result of change. As a result, their commitment and loyalty increases towards the organization. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. A man is technically, mentally and physically fit to perform the work but he may not be willing to work. So how do managers do this? Often, people confuse the idea of 'happy' employees with 'motivated' employees. Employee turnover is a measurement of the term or number of years an employee stays and/or replaced in the company. There will be an atmosphere of confidence among employers and employees. 3. Internal motivation on the other hand id derived from within a person as one satisfies his or her needs (Weiner, 1992, 87). Visit the Introduction to Management: Help and Review page to learn more. Create your account. Maximum utilisation of factors of production – Workers perform the work sincerely through the inspiration of motivation. Normally, employees resist changes for fear of an adverse effect on their employment. Employees very well know that if they would attain their targets, they would get rewards. According to Allen, “poorly motivated people can nullify the soundest organization.”. The leader to accomplish their responsibility has to be familiar with how to inspire people and be obliged to … A key element in personnel management is motivation … To wit: A manager is ready to organize and staff … Motivation puts human resources into action. The motivated employees will be using business resources properly and will improve their performance. Managers ascertain prime needs of the employees, physiological or psychological and help them fulfill those needs through motivation. Chances of disputes and clashes can also be eliminated. Again, imagine you are working as hard as you can and find that someone else who works at the same level doing the same job makes more money. If two employees perform the same job, and believe that they do so equally well, they would expect equal pay and equal recognition. Best and Optimum Utilisation of Resources: All the resources are activated by the human resources and if the human resource is motivated then only they utilise all the other resources in the best manner. If the employees in the organisation are motivated a good image of such organisation is created in the minds of the people and ultimately the organisation comes into limelight. - Definition & Examples, Quiz & Worksheet - Absolute and Comparative Advantage, Quiz & Worksheet - Qualities & Uses of Economic Models, Quiz & Worksheet - Microeconomics vs. Macroeconomics, Quiz & Worksheet - Common Logic Pitfalls in Economics, Quiz & Worksheet - Normative vs. Log in here for access. Motivation builds die will power to work among employees and enables the management to secure the best possible utilization of all resources. This, ultimately, helps in reducing the cost of operations. Reduced Labour Turnover and Absenteeism: Motivation leads to job satisfaction of workers. A satisfied employee prefers to remain loyal to the organisation and work hard to achieve greater heights. Learn about this topic, several theories of management, and ways in which this applies to the workplace. Motivation helps managers know the needs of employees. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Function # 4. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation in determining human behaviour . The first step in the motivation process is ____ a. need b. behavior c. motive d. satisfaction or dissatisfaction, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Be friendly, creating a pleasant transaction that makes you more likely to return, Process your transaction quickly, meaning that the store can service more customers, Suggest an additional item you would like to purchase, increasing sales for the store, Feel that the work they do has meaning or importance, Describe motivation in management, expectancy theory and equity theory, Explain the relationship between motivation in the workplace and Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Increased labour productivity in turn results in higher wages for employees. It improves the image of the organisation and consequently, attracts competent personnel in an organisation. Motivation and Motivating People Effective managers have the ability to motivate those they work with to behave in a specific, goal-directed way. 2. | 2 All administrative action loses its point unless the members of the enterprise are willing to contribute their efforts for the fulfillment of their assigned tasks. The importance of motivation is briefly discussed below: 1. which ultimately results in overall lowering the operational cost. However, the style is also an individually separate, personal mode of action of the manager in the organization. If a person has a job, they ideally have money to buy food and shelter and feel secure. - Description, Role & Responsibilities, Oral Communication: Definition, Types & Advantages, What Are Conceptual Skills in Management? As a result labour absenteeism and turnover are low. As a result, their commitment to organisational work increases. Motivation will ensure the acceptability of new changes by the employees. 12. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The reduced employee turnover saves cost related to recruitment and training of new staff and helps management to retain talented staff. A Motivated Employee Stays in the Organisation More and their Absenteeism is Quite Low-. Directing: Some management experts prefer leading in place of directing particularly under a democratic managerial set up. Business Process Management Education and Training Program Info, Salary for an MBA in Management: Average Earnings of Recent Grads, Process Management Consultant: Job Description & Career Requirements, List of Free Online Management Courses and Lessons, Career Information for a Degree in Sport and Fitness Management, Top Schools for Purchases, Acquisitions, Contracts Management, Best Bachelor's Degrees in Child Development, Military Intelligence Analyst Civilian Jobs, Structural Engineering Masters Programs in Colorado, Quantitative Psychology Graduate Programs, What Is Motivation In Management? So motivation among employees will lead to better industrial relations. Normally, employees resist changes for fear of an adverse effect on their employment. When the employees are given various opportunities of development then they can easily adapt to new situations. Here, a manager needs to understand the requirement for employees so as to motivate them properly. 4. 7. Esteem, or the need for praise or respect, 5. Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need that 2. Motivation Builds Human Relations- As the human concept of labour has changed and now labourer is treated as a man and not a commodity. • Motivation will help in self- development of individual. Motivation influences the level of performance of employees, which depends not only on individual’s abilities but also on his/her willingness to achieve a high level of performance. Motivation is considered the most important and the most difficult function in the management process. Motivation is getting the members of the term to pull weight effectively, to give their loyalty to the group and organisation, to carry out properly the activities allocated and generally to play an efficient part in the purpose or are the real assets of any organisation. - Definition, Process & Types, Classical School of Management Theory: Help and Review, Behavioral School of Management Theory: Help and Review, Contemporary and Future School of Management Theory: Help and Review, Planning in Organizations: Help and Review, Organizing in Business Management: Help and Review, Leading in Organizations: Help and Review, Motivation in the Workplace: Help and Review, Communication in the Workplace: Help and Review, Controlling in Organizations: Help and Review, Strategic Management and Managerial Decision Making: Help and Review, Production and Quality Assurance: Help and Review, International Management and Contemporary Issues: Help and Review, Introduction to Small Business Management, CLEP Introductory Business Law: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Business Law: Certificate Program, Principles of Macroeconomics: Certificate Program, College Macroeconomics: Homework Help Resource, Introduction to Macroeconomics: Help and Review, UExcel Business Ethics: Study Guide & Test Prep, DSST Computing and Information Technology: Study Guide & Test Prep, CSET Business Subtest III (177): Practice & Study Guide, Human Resource Management: Help and Review, Principles of Business Ethics: Certificate Program, Transactional Marketing: Definition & Examples, Interactive Marketing: Strategies & Examples, Foreign Branding in Marketing: Definition & Examples, What is Price Discovery? 5. Motivation is the Basis of Co-Operation to Get the Best Results Out of the Efforts of the Men on the Job-. Motivation bridges the gap between the ability to work and the willingness to perform wholeheartedly and thereby, increases the overall efficiency and output. Both workers and management are benefited by such plans. The function of leading has been termed motivating, directing, guiding, stimulating and … Such employees give high productivity and better quality work. Refers to designing attractive motivational measures that satisfy the employees of the organization. The improved performance of individual employees contributes towards performance of the organisation. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Motivation enables people to work enthusiasti­cally. Higher motivation leads to job satisfaction in workers. 6. Share Your PPT File, Importance of Motivation – In an Organisation, Importance of Motivation – For Members of an Organisation, 1. The importance of motivation can be understood with the help of following factors: Motivates employees to work with zeal and willingness to give their best. 2. The rate of absenteeism and turnover, thus, gets reduced. In fact goals are achieved by employees alone. Reduction in Resistance to Change 4. Study.com has thousands of articles about every The concept involves needs wants, demand wishes, etc of employees. When employees feel these things, it helps them, and thereby their managers, be more successful. Motivation in literature is usually driven by the “antagonist”: a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary. It is the most leading & influencing function of all the management functions. The following points bring out the importance of motivation in modern organisations: Motivation enables people to convert physical and financial resources into useful products. Improvement upon skill and knowledge – Employees have promised efficient job performance or completion. In a competitive economy, this is almost an impossible task. - Definition & Examples, Horizontal Communication: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages & Examples, Scientific Management: Theories, Principles & Definition, Downward Communication: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages, What Is Democratic Leadership? ‘Motivation’ is the process of inspiring people in order to intensify their desire and willingness for executing their duties effectively and for co-operating to achieve the common objectives of an enterprise. Better performance results in higher productivity and consequently lower cost of production. In case of poor working conditions, lack of recognition and poor relations with colleagues and superiors absenteeism could increase as these conditions demotivate employees to work harder. 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