Prune a Dracaena marginata with small, one-handed pruning shears or a cutting knife. Dracaena marginatas are considered by some to be slightly poisonous, especially to dogs and cats. Light wire can also be used to tie branches together and train them into a desired shape. Dracaenas are striking architectural plants, native to western and tropical Africa. Rotate the container as the branches bend to train the plant into a spiral shape. As for soil, buy or make a loamy, well-draining mix with a pH of 6-7. The practice of taking stem cuttings is useful for rejuvenating overgrown houseplants such as dracaena. Red-Margined Dracaena houseplant care is easy and requires only a consistent room temperature, moderate watering, and bright filtered to low light. Cutting the marginata tree to the desired length with a sharp knife or pruning shears forces two or more new branches to form. Jennifer Loucks has been writing since 1998. The long leaves mostly grow straight, with only the longest ones arching over. Dracaena is a genus of about 40 versatile, easy-to-grow plants with distinctive, strappy leaves. Dracaena marginata becomes interesting over time. The dragon tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11. Repeat the pruning on other branches if you have a multi-stemmed shrub, or wait until the new branches grow and prune the new growth to make the shrub bushier. 1. Jill Kokemuller has been writing since 2010, with work published in the "Daily Gate City." In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. I’ve seen plants with single stems which have reached at least 10′ tall with just a few spikes of foliage at the top. To reduce height, cut off the top part of the plant's main stem with pruning shears. Dracaena Marginata, also called the Madagascar dragon tree, is a tropical plant with bright foliage and flexible, narrow stems. Wear gloves and face masks if you are dealing with fertilizers. Here’s how to care for your own dracaena marginata indoors. She previously worked as a technical writer for a software development company, creating software documentation, help documents and training curriculum. Dracaena is a genus of about 120 different species that come in a wide range of shapes and sizes. Dracaena marginatas, or Madagascar Dragon trees as they are sometimes called, are easy-care , durable, indoor plants well suited for offices and homes. As it grows, it maintains its upright appearance making it perfect for blank walls, spots behind furniture or narrow corners. Dracaena marginata Basic Plant Care Red-Margined Dracaena (Dracaena marginata) is a common houseplant popular as slow-growing shrubs or small trees. You can snip the stem anywhere from 10 inches or 5 feet above the ground, depending on whether you want a low-growing set of branches or just want to take a bit off the top of the shrub. Popular name: Dragon Tree 5. Dracaena Marginata Care. Choose a point on the dragon tree stem to make the cut. Pot has enough holes at the bottom for air circulation and proper drainage. Dracaena Marginata Info. They look like something out of a Dr. Seuss book! Plant family: Agavaceae 2. How to Prune Evergreen Shrubs and Juniper Trees, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena Marginata, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Dracaena Marginata "Tricolor", Danielle's Garden Blog: Dracaena Marginata Pruning. Dracaena marginata ‘tarzan’ — Tarzan is unique not because of its color (it’s the same as the original dracaena marginata), but because of the shape of the plant. Place the side of the container you want the branches to bend in the location that receives the majority of the light. She spent six years working in a private boarding school, where her focus was English, algebra and geometry. Wrap bonsai wire around young, flexible stems and shape them in a desirable position. From April to May, your dracaena plant comes out of rest mode and gets ready to go into the blooming season. Prune a ‘V’ shape, mirroring the organic shape of the leaves, and your Dracaena will look good as new. With two-colored leaf marks 9. Madagascar dragon tree, Dracaena marginata, has dark green, strappy leaves with a narrow band of dark red around the margins. The Tarzan is the latest entrant in the list of dracaena marginata varieties. Not hardy 10. Kokemuller is an authorized substitute teacher and holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Iowa. Plants produce bold rosettes of strap-like leaves at the tip of each shoot, as older leaves gradually fade and fall to leave bare stems at the base. A Dr. Seuss plant indeed. Also known as Madagascar Dragon Tree, Dracaena marginata may also be trained to curve for a … Cut the stem back to the height you want the branches to begin. One of the most popular species is the Dracaena marginata, also frequently called dragon tree, Madagascar dragon tree, and red-edged dracaena. This variety has very thin, straplike leaves and a skinny trunk. A cluster of leaves appears on each branch within a few weeks. Poisonous for cats!The dragon trees (Dracaena Marginata) are the perfect beginner’s plant, because they will hold no grudge when at first the care is not sufficient. Continue to move and rotate the plant to train the branches into a desired shape. NASA lists a Dracaena marginata as an excellent plant for removing harmful chemicals from the air. One to three new shoots will grow from a point on the stem right below where you made the cut. Can I Prune a Dracaena Marginata? Trim tall branches to achieve a low-growing look, or trim … This plant also grows indoors as a houseplant in cooler growing zones where frost can damage the delicate foliage and stems. 1. Remove stems when they don’t grow in tandem with the rest of the plant. Pruning a lower stem boosts growth of the upper part of the plant. This also makes it easier to shape the plants into your ideal look. The foliage of this plant sticks out in all directions, creating a ball-like shape. Prune the young stems on the Madagascar dragon tree plant to promote branch development. Use a spray bottle to saturate the soil … Discovered by coincidence in 1998 by the Sunshine Tropical Foliage South Florida, the Tarzan stands out amongst others for its sturdy appearance. Madagascar dragon tree is an outdoor plant in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12. Cut into the Dracaena's stem where you want roots to appear using a sharp knife. Rotating the container in different positions forces the branches to naturally bend, twist and curve into a desired shape. Dracaena marginata goes by several common names, including Madagascar dragon tree and red-margined dracaena. Species: Dracaena Marginata 4. It will grow up to 6 feet when planted in a container and up to 20 feet when planted in the ground. Set the Madagascar dragon tree in bright sunlight for two to three days to force the branches into bending toward the bright light. Potted dracaena marginata Growing Dracaena marginata in a pot requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got some at hand. Cut across the stem at the desired height with clean, sharp, pruning shears. Once you "top" the plant at the main stem, it won't ever grow taller than that. Direct sunlight will burn the plant’s ... Watering. Remember to allow for the height of the new branching growth if you are pruning to shorten the plant. She holds a Bachelor of Science in animal science and business from University of Wisconsin-River Falls. A well-draining indoor potting mix with some peat moss mixed in will be fine … Popular for its distinctive appearance, Dracaena Marginata or also known as Madagascar Dragon Tree or Red-edged dracaena, boasts bold but elegant dark green leaves with red margins. 1. Step-by-Step on How to Train a Dwarf Schefflera Bonsai, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena Marginata, How to Twist the Trunk of a Madagascar Dragon Tree. Dracaena marginata, or the dragon tree, is a houseplant that has elegant long, thin leaves with red edges.The lower leaves gradually fall away to reveal a thin trunk. Growth height: up to 200 cm 7. Loucks also trains for full marathons, half-marathons and shorter distance running. You can cut it back as far as you want. Lay the potted Madagascar dragon tree on its side for several days to force the branches to bend upward to the light. How do you Care for a Dracaena Marginata? Prune your plants in the spring before they hit the growth period. Move it into an upright position or rotate the container once the branches have bent into the desired position. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Cut across the stem at the desired height with clean, sharp, pruning shears. Many dracaenas, such as the the Madagascar dragon-tree (Dracaena marginata), are tender and survive outdoors only in U.S. Move the plant once the branches have bent into the desired position. To start a new plant from the cutting, allow the portion of plant you removed to dry for a day or two, and then insert the cutting about 3 or 4 inches deep in the soil at the base of the parent dragon tree. Pruning your plants before they hit the growth period keeps them healthy. The Red-Edged dracaena plant (Dracaena Marginata) has spectacular thin, tapered leaves giving the dragon tree a spiky appearance. Tufts of sword-shaped green leaves reaching up to 3 feet-long emerge from the top of long, slender stems. The way you go about dracaena bonsai pruning depends upon the shape you want your plant to achieve. Since each stem is topped by one tuft of leaves, the only way to shape the tree is to determine the height of the stems and encourage branching through pruning. You can cut back to the main trunk, or to any length you desire, to produce a … For a Marginata in bright light, allow the potting media to dry down 3/4 of the way and then water thoroughly. The Ultimate Guide to Dracaena Marginata . Prune dracaenas in the spring to control the size and shape, if desired. In lower to medium light, water Dracaena marginata when the potting soil has dried almost to the bottom. She now writes hobby-based articles on cooking, gardening, sewing and running. The Dracaena Tarzan is a cultivar of Dracaena Marginata, or the Madagascar Dragon Tree. Potting and Soil. The alluring and popular Dracaena marginata loves to grow and sometimes twist every which way. Slightly angle the cut so … The dragon tree looks good on its own and is also useful for providing height among a group of houseplants. The species possesses a treelike shape with a spindly trunk topped by an airy crown of slender, pointed leaves, which works equally well as … The leaves also come in a few different colors such as magenta or tricolor. Depending on the cultivar, dracaena may reach heights of up to 10 feet (3 m.) or even more, which means that regular dracaena trimming will probably be necessary. How to Train a Dracaena Marginata. Caring for Your Plants Water the plant roughly once a week. Origin: Madagascar 6. Dracaenas, numerous species within the genus of the same name, are evergreen trees and shrubs enjoyed for their sword-shaped leaves and a variety of different growth habits and leaf characteristics. Dracaena Marginata (Red Edged Dracaena or Dragon Tree) Dracaena marginata plants have green leaves with red edges. The best time to prune the shrub is in the spring during active growth. This will help prevent the spread of disease between plants. Remove the wire after several weeks, or once the branch remains in the shape without the wire for support. This step may not work on thick, hardened branches. Dracaena sanderiana, or lucky bamboo, isn't a bamboo despite its name. Choose an aluminum wire gauge equal to one-third the thickness of the Madagascar dragon tree's stem you wish to twist. These plants are perfect for a beginner gardener because they're very easy to grow indoors. They can grow in medium or low light but will grow slower. Soil. Its young stems can be woven or braided into various shapes. Evergreen, shiny leaves 30 to 40 cm long 8. Slightly angle the cut so water will not collect on top of the cut surface. This will help ensure roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it. How to Care for and Propagate Dracaena Marginata. The plant drops its slender, sharply tapering leaves as it grows, until what remains are grayish-green stems crowned with topknots of the red-margined, deep-green foliage. Make sure the dracaena plant receives minimum sunlight during day times. Light. Especially the Dracaena … Dracaena marginata is an attractive, stiff-leaved plant with colorful foliage that sometimes goes by the name \"dragon tree.\" Most of the time its sold simply as Dracaena marginata or just Dracaena. It’s much spikier and spherical, and as it grows has a very unique and alien look to it. Dracaena Marginata Plant Care How To Water. Skip this step if you want tall, singular branches on the plant. Madagascar Dragon Tree (Dracaena Marginata) This may be the most popular dracaena variety and is the one you’re probably used to seeing most frequently. Lay the potted Madagascar dragon tree on its side for several days to force the branches to bend upward to the light. Follow instructions & warning labels on fertilizers before applying them. Alternatively, plant the cutting in a different location to begin a Madagascar dragon tree. The branches resting against ... 2. These plants prefer bright, indirect light. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Soak the cleaned blades of your pruning shears in household disinfectant for five minutes to sterilize them before pruning your plant. Although dracaena is suitable for growing outdoors in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, it is most often grown as a houseplant. Dragon tree stems can be braided together or allowed to grow as … Genus: Dracaena 3. Dracaena marginata, commonly known as a Madagascar dragon tree, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that looks like a small, multi-trunked tree. 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