Tongariro National Park was the sixth national park[2] established in the world. It contains a considerable part of the North Island Volcanic Plateau. [8] Grouse were never actually introduced, but the heather is sprawling, threatening the ecological system and endemic plants of the park. On the eastern side of Mount Ruapehu, water is diverted from the Kaimanawa Ranges and headwaters of the Wahianoa River through a 20 km tunnel into the Rangipo dam. Inside the national park boundary, Whakapapa Village has a range of accommodation, from campsites and lodges to the historic and truly iconic Chateau Tongariro Hotel. We also use cookies to show you the best of New Zealand on other platforms. The Pihanga Scenic Reserve, containing Lake Rotopounamu, Mount Pihanga and the Kakaramea-Tihia Massif, though separate from the main park area, is still part of the national park. Tongariro volcano is a large complex volcano with about 12 craters and vents, including the steep stratovolcano Ngauruhoe, which is the focus of most activity in recent times. In some summers the summits of the three volcanoes are covered with snow; on top of Mount Ruapehu, snow fields can be found every summer and the summit is glaciated.[7]. It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the southwest of Lake Taupo, and is the northernmost of the three active volcanoes that dominate the landscape of the central North Island. It is 330 km south of Auckland by road, and 320 km north of Wellington. There is also opportunity for hunting, game fishing, mountain biking, horse riding, rafting and scenic flights. Mt Ngauruhoe. Tongariro National Park is a 795.98 square kilometer park located in the Ruapehu District in New Zealand. Mt Ruapehu Whakapapa & Turoa Ski Areas Getting Here Ruapehu is located in the centre of New Zealand's North Island halfway between Auckland and Wellington - both less than 4 hours drive. Mt Ruapehu is a sacred mountain to the local Iwi (tribe)so it was essential for the film crew to respect their cultural values. The prevailing westerly winds gather water over the Tasman Sea. Directly to the east stand the hills of the Kaimanawa range. Tongariro. A hotel, called Chateau Tongariro was established in 1929 and still exists today as the center of Whakapapa valley - a permanently inhabited village in the park. When packing for an adventure in the park, be prepared for all weather eventualities. Glaciers were last present on Tongariro during the Last Glacial Maximum.[10]. Nevertheless, some plants occasionally settle there, such as curled leaved neinei, snow totara (Podocarpus nivalis), mountain snowberry (Gaultheria colensoi), bristle tussock (Rytidosperma setifolium), bluegrass and Raoulia albosericea, which cover an area of 165 km2. The biggest ski area, also called Whakapapa, is on the north-western slopes of Mount Ruapehu. Tongariro National Park covers 786 km stretching between 175° 22' and 175° 48' East and 38° 58' and 39° 25' South in the heart of the North Island of New Zealand. The way to climb Mount Doom is to do a part of the Tongariro Alpine crossing. When the New Zealand Parliament passed the Tongariro National Park Act in October 1894, the park covered an area of about 252.13 km2, but it took until 1907 to acquire the land. [11] There is also a 95 km2 area of scrubland, containing kanuka (Leptospermum ericoides), manuka (Leptospermum scoparium), celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius), inaka (Dracophyllum longifolium), woolly fringe moss (Rhacomitrium lanuginosum), small beeches and introduced heather. The walk known as the Tongariro Northern Circuit is served by four Department of Conservation(opens in new window) ‘Great Walk’ huts. Whatever kind of accommodation you choose, it will pay to book in advance during peak season (December to March). On the park borders are the towns of Turangi, National Park Village and Ohakune. State Highway 48 Whakapapa Village, 3951 Mt. If you know anything about the Tongariro National Park… No, more like, … It was the world's fourth national park to be established. But it was not before opening of the railway in 1908 and the building of roads in the 1930s that a significant number of people visited the park. It is located virtually in the middle of the North Island and is almost the same distance from Auckland and Wellington in opposite directions (about 320 kilometers/200 miles) from each. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The 10 Oldest National Parks in the World", "Data Table - Protected Areas - LINZ Data Service", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tongariro_National_Park&oldid=979006175, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles needing additional references from March 2007, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cultural and Natural: (vi), (vii), (viii), This page was last edited on 18 September 2020, at 06:12. The active volcanic mountains Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe, and Tongariro are located in the centre of the park. These tracks also serve as winter routes, as well as the track to the summit of Mount Ruapehu. Let us show you the best of New Zealand on other platforms by selecting 'On' and allowing us to share data from your visit(s) with our partners. Many who complete the 19.4-kilometer journey will tell you the climbs can be steep and the weather unpredictable, though worth it in every aspect. Tongariro was the first national park formed in New Zealand, and the fourth in the world. Small birds. Popular Hotel Amenities and Features Mount Doom can be found in the Tongariro National Park on New Zealand’s north island. Eastern Polynesians, traveling thousands of miles in large double-hulled canoes, began settling the North Island of New Zealand by about 1300. Inside the national park boundary, Whakapapa Village has a range of accommodation, from campsites and lodges to the historic and truly iconic Chateau Tongariro Hotel. Create Memories. Mount Tongariro and its surroundings are one of the several locations where Peter Jackson shot The Lord of the Rings film trilogy; tours to view these places are commonly arranged by the tour's operators and lodges. With a prized location in the original Chateau Tongariro Hotel, our Heritage rooms evoke the classic aura of days gone by. Various types of accommodation can be found in and around the nearby towns of Tūrangi, National Park Village and Ohakune, Raetihi, Taumarunui. The first ski hut was built in 1923 at an elevation of 1770 m, thereafter a road, and, in 1938, a ski lift in the area. Three volcanoes – Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe and Tongariro – mark the southern limits of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, the horseshoe-shaped series of volcanic phenomena that make up the Pacific Ocean’s ‘Ring of Fire’. Above 1500 m, the terrain consists of gravel and stone fields and is accordingly unstable. Keep browsing if you're happy with this. Most of the park is located in the Ruapehu District (Manawatū-Whanganui region), although the northeast is in the Taupo District (Waikato Region, or Hawke's Bay Region to the north). Tongariro National Park has been under the control of the New Zealand Department of Conservation since the creation of the department in 1987. It has been acknowledged by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site of mixed cultural and natural values. The bulk of Tongariro National Park is surrounded by well-maintained roads that roughly follow the park borders and provide easy access. Enjoy views of native bush, our golf course or the Dual World Heritage Tongariro National Park. The Tokaanu power station is connected to Lake Rotoaira via a six kilometre tunnel through Mount Tihia. The park's volcanoes are the southern end of a 2500 km long range of volcanoes, below which the Australian Plate meets the Pacific Plate. In the west, State Highway 4 passes National Park village, and in the east, State Highway 1, known for this stretch as the Desert Road, runs parallel to the Tongariro River. Its turbines are located in a cavern cut from solid rock and lined with concrete. Ngauruhoe – geologically considered a ‘vent’ – last erupted in 1975. With a stay at Chateau Tongariro Hotel in Whakapapa, you'll be in a national park, just steps from Tongariro National Park and a 3-minute drive from Taranaki Falls. Other bird species common to the park are tui, New Zealand bellbird, morepork/ruru, grey warbler/riroriro, fantail, whitehead/pōpokotea and silvereye. Further extensions, especially Pihanga Scenic Reserve in 1975, enlarged the park to its current size of 786.23 km2. To the north and west of the park, a podocarp-broadleaf rain forest near Lake Taupo stretches over an area of 30 km2, and up to an elevation of 1000 m. In this rain forest live Hall's totara (Podocarpus laetus), kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides), kamahi (Weinmannia racemosa), pahautea (Libocedrus bidwillii), and numerous epiphytic ferns, orchids, and fungi. No permits required, and it’s free! Overnight hikes in the park include the four-day Northern Circuit and the six-day Round the Mountain track – one of New Zealand's Great Walks. Elevation Change: Starting elevation is 1100 m (Mangatepopo car park) and ending elevation is 800 m (Ketetahi car park) Highest Point (Red Crater) Elevation: 1886 m Snow season is from late June to early November. In addition to above, we use other cookies and analytics to provide a better site experience. The starting point of the Tongariro Alpine Crossing, as well as the Whakapapa ski area at Mount Ruapehu, are both 20 to 35mins from National Park Village, 45mins to 1hr from Ō hakune, Turangi or Taumarunui and between 1hr20 and 1hr35 from Lake Taupo township. The park was established in 1887, making it the oldest national park in New Zealand. It contains a considerable part of the North Island Volcanic Plateau. There are 56 significant species of birds, such as rare endemic species like the North Island brown kiwi, kākā, blue duck, North Island fernbird (Bowdleria punctata vealeae), double-banded plover and New Zealand falcon/kārearea. The first activities in the young Tongariro National Park were the construction of tourist huts at the beginning of the 20th century. The Whanganui River rises within the park and flows through Whanganui National Park about four percent of the country's total electricity generation. The electricity generated at the Tongariro Power Scheme goes into the national grid. Directly next to the ski field are 47 ski club huts; most of them also accommodate non-club members. Just over one hundred years later, the park was awarded dual UNESCO World Heritage status for both its cultural significance to the Māori people, as well as its outstanding natural features. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing is located in the Tongariro National Park - New Zealand's oldest national … The Tongariro National Park is home to the famed Tongariro Alpine Crossing, widely regarded as one of the world's best one-day hikes.[5]. Tongariro National Park (/ˈtɒŋɡərɪroʊ/; Māori: [tɔŋaɾiɾɔ]) is the oldest national park in New Zealand,[1] located in the central North Island. Above 2200 m live only crustose lichens. Ruapehu today, however there is abundant geomorphological evidence for more extensive glaciation in the recent geological past. Within the park borders, the only settlements are the tourism-based village at Whakapapa Village which consists solely of ski accommodation. Mt Tongariro, a volcano in the Tongariro National Park, Central North Island, is made up of a complex of craters that have been active at different periods. Efforts are being made to control the plant's spread, however complete eradication seems unlikely. The mountain summits are of great significance to the local Māori. These volcanoes have resulted from internal tectonic processes. Road construction into Whakapapa valley had already begun in the 1920s. Mount Ngauruhoe (Māori: Ngāuruhoe) is an active stratovolcano in New Zealand.It is the youngest vent in the Tongariro volcanic complex on the Central Plateau of the North Island, and first erupted about 2,500 years ago.Although often regarded as a separate mountain, geologically it is a secondary cone of Mount Tongariro. Mt Tongariro, Tongariro National Park, Ruapehu District, Manawatu-Whanganui Region, New Zealand : Mount Tongariro is a compound volcano in the Taupo Volcanic Zone of the North Island of New Zealand. At Whakapapa Village (1119 m) the average annual rainfall is about 2200 mm, in Ohakune (610 m) about 1250 mm and in higher altitudes, such as Iwikau Village (1770 m), about 4900 mm. For non-skiers, there is tobogganing and tubing or just drive up to see the spectacular view. Mount Ngauruhoe Mount Ngauruhoe is an active stratovolcano in New Zealand.It is the youngest vent in the Tongariro volcanic complex on the Central Plateau … Later the peaks of Mount Tongariro, Mount Ngauruhoe, and parts of Mount Ruapehu, were conveyed to The Crown on 23 September 1887, on condition that a protected area was established there. Crossing over the foothills of Mt Tongariro and Mt Ngauruhoe, the Northern Circuit requires a moderate level of fitness. Pahautea trees can be found further on up to a height of 1530 m, where they cover 127.3 km2. The last modification to the Act was passed in 1980. Tongariro became New Zealand’s first national park in 1887. WELCOME TO MT RUAPEHU Mt Ruapehu is located in the Central Plateau of NZ’s North Island in the UNESCO dual-World-Heritage Tongariro National Park, listed for its cultural and geological significance. Genesis Energy has developed mitigation measures with stakeholders that aim to lessen the environmental effects of the Tongariro Power Scheme. Mt Tongariro. Dramatic waterfalls are a Tongariro National Park speciality. Legend links Ngatoroirangi with the creation of volcanoes and the naming o… Another route is the three- to six-day Round the Mountain Track around Mount Ruapehu. There is no accommodation at the ski field; the nearest town is Ohakune. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing in Tongariro National Park is heralded as the best one-day trek available in New Zealand, while others say it tracks among the top ten single-day treks in the world. Land of Legend - Where Adventure Awaits. In winter there is snow to about 1500 m. Temperatures vary dramatically, even within one day. Mt Ngauruhoe (Mt Doom) in the distance – as seen in Tongariro National Park on the Tongariro Alpine Crossing Highlights include the film location for Mordor – a fictional place from J.R.R Tolkien’s fantasy trilogy Lord of the Rings brought to life by Peter Jackson’s film adaptation. There are a number of Māori religious sites within the park,[3] and many of the park's summits, including Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu, are tapu, or sacred. It gathers water from the mountains of the central volcanic plateau, passes it through Rangipo (120MW) and Tokaanu (240MW) power stations, and releases it into Lake Taupo. Beside these major ski fields, there are also the Tukino ski area, privately run by the Desert Alpine Ski Club, and the Aorangi Ski Club on the south-eastern slope. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing is heralded as the best one-day trek in New Zealand and is regarded as among the top ten single-day treks in the world. It has two nutcracker rope tows, and covers 1.9 km2. Hike the Tongariro Crossing. The crossing passes over the volcanic terrain of the multi-cratered active volcano Mount Tongariro, passing the eastern base of Mount Ngauruhoe which can optionally be climbed as a side trip. Ruapehu and Tongariro, which date back before the last ice age, are two of the most active composite volcanoes in the world, with Ruapehu last erupting in 1996. DOC also has a number of 'Serviced' and 'Basic' huts in other parts of the park. Location: Tongariro National Park, Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand. The North Island Main Trunk railway from Auckland to Wellington passes National Park village. The average temperature is 13 °C, with a maximum of 25 °C in summer and a minimum of -10 °C in winter. Creators felt this was the ideal location to depict the fiery wrath of Mordor and Mount Doom. The Tongariro Northern Circuit is a 3-4 day hike through the spectacular World Heritage Area, Tongariro National Park. 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