Lime mortar made with local sand to produce a pale-yellow coloured mortar using Morestead 3mm sand and St Astier natural hydraulic lime. Some brick jobs may require a quarter part of portland cement. The simple sand used for children’s play pits traps water in the mixture, sets very quickly and will only form a weak bond with the bricks. Point the joints with a strong. It should be hard, durable and free from contaminates such as soluble salts. If, however, the colour of the sand is due to clay (earth) presence, as clay is a binder, the quantity of lime will be reduced to avoid producing a binder rich mortar. Make sure you wet them thoroughly after laying though for the next few days and no walking on them for as long as possible. Adding hydrated lime to water to a creamy consistency and then using sharp, rather than soft, sand can make a true lime mortar, suitable for softer and older brickwork. Use a wheel rake or jointer to add more mortar. Soil Types and Seasonal Movement . Stone walls were often built with earth-lime mortar, for example, but pointed using lime. Brickwork generally consists of brick (or blocks) laid down with mortar between acting as the glue. 4:1:1 Sharp:Soft:Cement. From the 19th Century sharp sand/cement has been more commonly used as it is much harder and impervious to water - also suiting modern hard bricks. Where to buy: Click here to view our price list. Pointing is applying a small amount of mortar into the face joint between bricks (either newly laid or in old brickwork). These joints are known as pointing. Brick Re-Pointing. Lime mortars for lime pointing are generally softer and more porous compared to mixes using cement therefore allowing moisture to evaporate from the joints more freely. Fine lime pointing to ashlar stone. Jitender, Jun 13, 2016 #2. What can I use Point Master for? PointMaster is suitable for most mortar pointing applications using regular cement mortar, lime mortar and grout for flooring. You should avoid fast setting cement, often referred to as “rapid” cement. Tip: Sometimes there are irregular or decorative shapes to mortar joints and some require different tools. Sharp sand is more coarse than soft sand. Sand Modern cement mortar is mixed using only fine-grained sand (usually sold as ‘soft’ or ‘builders’ sand). Pack in more mortar after the first batch of mortar is stiff. This sand is normally mixed with other sand to prepare the mortar and it helps to prevent cracks during the drying process. A dry powder which requires mixing with water on site. I always wince when I see white pointing on brickwork it just doesn't look right. Date published: 2020-11-18 . They should Sharp sand lasts longer but whoever lays the Paving must be sure to sure up the sides of the slabs correctly to hold for longer. The new mortar should be well mixed. Lime pointing of traditional masonry using lime mortar based on lime putty or natural hydraulic lime (NHL) offers many advantages over cement based mortars. This sand is often used where a thick layer of mortar or concrete is required, but as the gaps between bricks are fairly narrow, there’s no need to use it when bricklaying. I've only used it for a few days so far and worked fine, so reliability has not really been tested. The first type of sand used is the soft sand, also known as builders sand. 910. Post by caretaker » Sat Apr 08, 2017 12:24 pm. For bedding under the slabs use 5 parts sharp sand, 1 part soft sand and 1 cement. The new mortar is 2.1.1 (2 soft sand to 1 sharp sand and 1 hydraulic lime 3.5 as standard on lime mortar built properties), and 6.1.1 (6 sand to 1 cement 1 hydrated lime as standard on sand and cement built properties) or as otherwise instructed. Pointing: Start at the top of a wall to allow for cleaning up and spraying to continue. 1 part soft sand, 2 parts sharp sand, 1 cement, half part lime is optional. THE HERITAGE RANGE. Was this answer helpful? Sharp sand is quite gritty and should be avoided. Once you have the ingredients in place, make safety your next concern. Because of the lightweight construction it will not take any mortar made up with sharp sand, only soft builders sand, which limits its versatility. Joints deeper than 20mm will need an initial dubbing out as shrinkage can occur otherwise. Sempo Vigilo, Jun 14, 2016 #3. roughberty Member. Red sand, not as soft but no where near sharp sand; best for bricklaying, point and rendering. I Use a mixer paddle on my 800 watt electric drill. I prefer a 3:1 ratio 3 parts sharp sand to 1 part building sand (plus cement). Used to be used, not so much nowadays in mortar and a bigger ratio of sand to give it workability. What is pointing? Step 1 Measure out one part white cement, six parts white sand and one part lime. Mortar is a mix of cement dust and building sand. To get true white mortar, you must mix white cement with white sand. Fine sands require more water. The more coarse sharp sand used in the mix the more flexibility for movement it has and wont crack the pointing later. 17. You can also push it in with your finger. Use a pointing tool, such as a pointed trowel to push the brick in between the bricks. Mortar basically comprises an aggregate (sand) held in a matrix by a binder. Too much fine sand in a house with movement will just crack the new mortar beds later on. It is a smooth kind of sand and has cohesive properties. Back Next . However for thinner joints, soft sand is easier to pack in, in this case I normally up the ratio to about 1:2.5. Not too much water as they may float around when laid. For repairs and pointing to concrete, brickwork and masonry; Just add with water no mixing required; Cement based mortar; Suitable for interior and exterior use; Warning contact between cement powder and body fluids (eg, sweat and eye fluids) may cause irritation, dermatitis or burns The other type of sand is sharp sand. Coarse sands, such as those sold as ‘sharp’ or ‘washed’, should be used for all but the finest jointed brickwork and stonework. It should be rock hard. That is a sharp sand mortar mix with grit in it. Brick pointing usually uses a cement-based mix. Mike Silvey Paving and Landscaping" Answered on 31st Mar 2020 - Member since Jan 2020 - report. You may need to match the sand and cement for the right consistency colour and we have a matching mortar project for that as well. The largest particle size should not exceed one-third of the joint width. The mixture of mortar can vary, but a good mix for house walls is five sand to one cement or a 3:1 mixture for retaining walls in which horizontal force is applied to them. This is not appropriate for lime mortar. Use a pointing key or metal spatula and force the mortar in from a hawk. In renders, for example, a good, well graded, coarse sharp sand is needed for the backing coats. This knowledge can be very useful for various DIY projects around the house, including roofing work like the bedding or pointing of ridge tiles, replacing bricks and pointing stone or brickwork. Unless a specialised form of pointing exists, a flush or nearly flush finish will often be sympathetic. Cement looks harmless but is very caustic. 2:1:1 Soft:Sharp… If you have a patio which has been pointed this way then follow our pointing brickwork project as the principle is the same. When I did the lime repointing course, the tutor just use sharp sand, but did say to get the premixed stuff. Mortar Mix for Old Brickwork. Mastic or cement/sharp sand/lime for brick pointing. The difference between 'striking' and 'pointing' is that: Striking is finishing the mortar joints between newly laid bricks. Historic lime mortar usually consists of soft sand, sharp sand and N.H.L 3.5 hydraulic lime. Available in NHL2 NHL3.5 or NHL5 . Such as soft sand, sharp sand, plaster sand, etc. You have to be very careful with re pointing brickwork, particularly if it's a bit on the old side, the main rule is that the mortar must be softer than the brick/stone, the reason for this is to allow any rain to drain out through the mortar, otherwise the bricks will become saturated during wet weather, and if followed by a hard frost can possibly blow the face of the brick. It all depends on the age of the house and type of bricks used. Natural Hydraulic Lime mortar consists of two building materials, lime and sand. A straight mix just … Hi Builders, I just wanted your guys opinion, as I had a conversation with a pointing guy and he said it is best to use mastic and he was grinding the pointing on the brickwork, then he applied linseed oil, as I am not sure it it just linseed oil or double linseed oil. Paving Mortar Mix. I prefer to use NHL 3.5 (Natural Hydraulic Lime) with grit sand at a mix ratio of 1:3 by volume. However, if you only need to point with soft sand, it is great. In this video I show you how to point between paving stones or a patio. Striking and Pointing brickwork. sharp sand and 1 part NHL3.5 by volume. They can be used for a variety of applications for laying brickwork, bedding tiles, rendering and plastering. Normally mortar is soft building sand, so you wont match it unless you get some similar sharp gritted sand - in which case you will have great difficulty pointing with it as it will just slide off your trowel onto the floor. It is used for bricklaying mortar, building foundations, for paving slabs, wall rendering. Sharp/grit/washed sand, small sharp pieces of stone perhaps no bigger than 3mm; best where a tougher mix is needed, benching manholes, tops of chimneys etc, usually 3:1. Mortar is usually 1 part mortar to 3 parts sharp sand batched by filling a bucket so as to keep the same colour and consistency. This is a guide on how to mix sand and cement to make mortar. Brickwork pointing is designed to go hard quickly and is not at all flexible as you can see by cracks in many new houses. That’s why bold builders liked quite a coarse mix with large particles in it to stop this happening. Normally, however, a well-graded sharp sand is suitable for new mortar. SUBSCRIBE for more helpful videos on random subjects (It's FREE!) Originally bricks were "glued" together with a lime/sharp sand mortar which has the advantage of being porous, flexible and suitable for the soft bricks being used at the time. In new brickwork, pointing can apply harder mortar to increase weather protection on exposed faces. When pointing a stone wall, make sure that the colour of the mortar is slightly lighter than that of the stone so it balances with the natural stone colour. Sand - A variety of sands are available throughout the country and should be chosen in terms of colour and texture to match original mortar and complement the stone. For older period homes, a lime-based should be used instead of cement. There are also different types of sand which can be used some of which are more impervious to water penetration such as sharp sand, this is often used in roofing applications. Use sharp sand and a little builders/soft sand . Chimney maintenance costs are published on this page. What joint finish might be suitable on an old building? Secondly, we add sharp sand and small stones into the mix, then re-mix, then reload the tool and continue pointing the same slabs, proving that small stones really won't block the nozzle. By using appropriate sharp sand will help the mortar have excellent workability, whilst keeping a consistent water retention when applied to bricks, blocks and bedding surfaces. It has a gritty feel to it. A finer sand can be chosen for the finishing coat based on its colour. It would be up to the builder to decide what mix to go with. This would change to NHL2 or a lime putty mix if the masonry is very soft. In old walls the latter ingredient was usually lime, but might be earth or a combination of the two. A listing of the various calculators made available throughout the pavingexpert web site When using a tool to shape the pointing this has the added benefit of compacting the mortar and bringing some of the cement paste onto the surface making it better at shedding water away from its surface. 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